Interesting Info About Coffee

Posted 2010 Jul by Herbert Jennings

Types of Coffee: There are two main species of bean, Arabica and Robusta. Both thrive in equatorial regions. Robusta is grown at lower altitudes, 0 to 700 meters, and has a high yield per plant and high caffeine content (1.7 to 4.0%). It accounts for about 30% of world production. Robusta has a stronger flavor than Arabica with a full body and a woody aftertaste which is useful in creating blends and especially useful in instant coffee. Robusta is mainly grown in the following regions: · Western and Central Africa (Ivory Coast, Cameroon, Uganda, Angola) · Malaysia (Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Java) · Brazil · India Arabica grows at higher altitudes, 1000 to 2000 meters, and while it has a lower yield and less caffeine content (0.8 to 1.4%) it is widely recognized to be superior to Robusta. Arabica accounts for about 70% of world production, although only about 10% of this yields "grand cru" beans. Arabica has a delicate acidic flavor, a refined aroma and a caramel aftertaste. Arabica is mainly grown in the following regions: · Central America (Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama) · South America (Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina) · India · Eastern Africa (Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique) · Papua New Guinea Many of the cheaper blends have a higher proportion of Robusta compared to Arabica. Some high quality blends use a small quantity of the very best Robusta beans to give body and character to the blends, particularly in espresso blends. Old River Coffee Roaster Co. roasts only 100% arabica beans for singles and blends.

Full City Roasts

Our Full City coffee is a medium roast. Roasted beans are brown to dark brown and are dry or slightly oily. More of the coffee's characteristic flavor is evident in this roast.

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Dark Roasts

Our Dark Roast coffee is roasted somewhere in between a Full City roast and a French roast. Some of the coffee's characteristic flavor is present, with hints of sweetness.

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French Roasts

Our French Roast coffee is a dark roast. Beans are very dark brown, nearly black and very oily. The coffee's characteristic flavor is gone, replaced by caramelized sugar flavors.

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Premium Blends

Our Premium Blends are carefully crafted to be perfect combinations of our other coffee varieties, and people love them. Keep an eye out for more quality blends coming soon...

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